India and Pakistan’s Conflict over Kashmir:
Kashmir is an astonishing area of snow-topped mountains in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges. It’s additionally home to a 69-year conflict – one of the world’s longest running.
India and Pakistan have been fighting over Kashmir since the two nations selected up their independence in 1947.
How did the conflict of Kashmir start?
The conflict in Kashmir was started during the birth of India and Pakistan. England surrendered its control of the Indian subcontinent in 1947, part it into a dominatingly Hindu India and a Muslim Pakistan.
Kashmir was allowed to join either nation. As indicated by the United Nations, “its advancement to India turned into a matter of debate between the two nations and fighting broke out soon thereafter.”
This conflict is still going on after so many years and both sides failed to overcome the issue. This conflict is ultimately affecting the lives of Kashmiris. There are constant reports of brutal killings and assaults making the life of people there a misery.
Who controls what?
India, Pakistan, and China all claim responsibility for different areas.
India-controlled: One state, called Jammu and Kashmir, makes up the southern and eastern parts of the area, totaling around 45% of area.
Pakistan-controlled: Three regions called Azad Kashmir, Gilgit and Baltistan make up the northern and western bits of the area, totaling around 35% of area.
China-controlled: One region called Aksai Chin in the northeaster part of the area, incorporating 20% of area.
India additionally declares Pakistan has surrendered 3,220 square miles in Kashmir to China.
The Line of Control isolates the Indian-and Pakistani-controlled parts of Kashmir is 435 miles (700 km) long.
The tensions are even under the least favorable conditions in 10 years making a hard life for the people in Kashmir. India and Pakistan have battled three wars against each other since 1947 – two over Kashmir in 1947 and 1965.
Indeed, even after the two nations ended up atomic powers in 1998, they approached cold war in 1999.
The Council on Foreign Relations says the two nations have kept up a delicate truce since 2003, in spite of the fact that the two adversaries regularly exchange fire over the border lines.
The current situations in the area are the most terrible in past 10 years. People of Kashmir are being assaulted on regular basis by the Indian army.
On September 18, armed rebels assaulted a remote Indian Army base in Uri, close to the Line of Control, executing 19 Indian troopers in the deadliest assault on the Indian military in decades.
What’s more, on September 29, two Pakistani officers were executed after conflicts with Indian troops on the border between the two nations.
The conflict comes at enormous cost:
The brutality has slaughtered 47,000 individuals since 1989, in spite of the fact that this toll does exclude individuals who have disappeared because of the conflict.
Some human rights groups and nongovernmental associations put the loss of life at twice that sum. It’s additionally upset the district’s economy.
It was known as “heaven on Earth” and now this heaven on earth is under tension from both sides.
The situation of Kashmir:
This issue began in 1989, where the conflict started affecting the people living in the region. Both Muslim and Hindu majorities have claimed their right on the area but no one is actually able to prove their interest. In the course of last decade, many killings and brutal civil war incidents had happened in the area affecting the life of regular citizens. People living in the affected part of the area are facing threats to their lives. Indian army keeps on shelling the innocent Kashmiris indicating they are rebels. Several thousand children and females are killed and injured in the conflict and UN is yet failed to solve the issue. We at crisis aid are trying to comfort these individuals by providing them proper medical care and first aid they need. Our aim here is to help the needy people of Kashmir in their difficult times. We strive to collect as much as we can to help Kashmir people at earliest. We appeal you to contribute your part for the help of Kashmir.